Nepal’s role in COP and Issues of Climate Finance

COP 23 and Nepal’s Agenda?

This year becomes very challenging, because of natural disaster around a world. More than 1200 people lost their life because of flood in Nepal, Bangladesh and India. United States of America faced a devastating hurricane and incidence of fire. Many of the part of world faced the recorded hit of heat waves and storms. All this cost to loss of billions of property. Some day before, World Metrological Organization release a report with a warning sign of global average concentration of Carbon dioxide reached 403.3 parts of millions (ppm) in 2016. This reports also says that this concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere increase at record speed last year to hit a level not seen for more than three millions years.[1] With this all on the board, worlds leaders, academician, representatives from civil society, climate activists, media and youth are gathering at Bonn for UN Climate Change Conference.

What is COP 23?

This year, 23rd Meeting of Conference of Parties to UNFCCC will take place from 6 to 17 November at Bonn, Germany. The conference will be convened under the Presidency of Fiji. This meeting will focus on the development of guidance on how the Paris Agreement’s provisions will be implemented across a wide range of issues including transparency, adaptation, emission reductions, and provision of finance, capacity building and technology. There will also be the thirteenth session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP 13), second part of the first session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement (CMA 1.2). There will also be the forty seventh session of the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA 47), forty seventh session of the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI 47) and fourth part of the first session of the AD Hoc Working Group on the Paris Agreement (APA 1.4). The COP, the CMP and the CMA are the supreme decision making bodies for the Convention, the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement respectively[2]. This is a regular meeting of UNFCCC but will also be very important as this will be on of the very important steps for the effective implementation of Paris Agreement.

Being a party to the UNFCCC, Nepal has also participated in the COP meeting from the beginning. Nepal has participated with a strong voice raising the important agenda of Nepal. This year also, governmental delegation led by the Honorable Minister for Ministry of Population and Environment, Government of Nepal, representatives from Civil Society, Climate Activist, representatives from media house have already headed to Bonn to participate in meeting.

What are the main agenda of Nepal for COP 23?

Before moving to Bonn, Ministry of Population and Environment has prepared a Nepal’s Agenda paper with a series of consultation workshop in Nepal. Nepal has focused and call for the effective implementation of the Paris Agreement, financial support to undertake the adaptation and mitigation actions in the country. Nepal has also raised the issues related to financing of adaption, financing of loss and damage and consideration of agriculture within the formal negotiations process. Nepal has focused in the harnessing of international cooperation and support in technology development for the implementation of NAPA priority projects. Nepal has also focused for the international effort for the access of small holder farmers to adjust their farmers systems and move toward low carbon efficient practices and to increase the access of farmers to weather and climate information services and financial schemes. Nepal has priorities adaptation finance and technology transfer as a key to Nepal and LDCs. Nepal has also put forwarded to discuss on the modalities for accounting financial resources and clear clarity on the financial instruments, difference between the ODA and the climate finance. Nepal will also raise the issues for the easy and simplified access of international funds, capacity building of Least Developed Countries like Nepal. Nepal will raise all this issues during the different meetings, side events.

Being one of the most vulnerable countries because of the negative impact of climate change and Least Developed Countries, Conference of Parties to UNFCCC is very much important for Nepal, to raise the Nepal’s Agenda on the global arena. So, Nepal delegation team has not to miss any chance to grab the opportunity which is foremost to achieve the Nepal’s goal.

Written By Pradeep

Pradeep is a climate activist from Nepal and currently he is working with Prakriti Resources Centre (PRC) as a Programme Officer. He is also a part of Online Youth Exchange Program run by Care About Climate and China Youth Climate Action Network.

 

A Nepali Perspective on the IYSECC Conference

On July 8th, I started my journey for a week to China. I was excited to meet lots of friends from different countries. More that that though, I was excited to meet my friends from the Online Youth Exchange program with whom I have talked virtually for more than 9 months- talking on different environmental issues. I was also excited because I was going to attend an international summit discussion on the climate change issues which is one of the major problems to the present world.

There is a no doubt that youth are the one who are and will face the extremes events of climate change and are the one who can act and made a change for better world. With an aims to encourage young people from around the world to get involved in the fight against climate change the international Youth Summit on Energy and Climate Change was held from 9th to 12th July 2017 at Tianjin University, China.  This summit was so important to young people like me, because the theme of this program was mainly focused on clothing, food, housing and transportation. The program was mainly focused on how to change our life to sustainable lifestyle contributing to minimize our carbon footprint.

The paramount about program was it was focused on the things that we use in our daily life such as transport, food, and clothes. This program provided an insight to explore the options for young people to made our life standard sustainable. In the present context, one of the major problems of the earth is unsustainable consumption and unmanaged wastes like plastic.  So, this program added an idea to young people to obtain sustainable lifestyle.

Different presentations, presented on the issues of consumption, transportation, green habit, on waste management were very informative. Presentation on Innovative Urban Planning for Low Carbon Transportation presented by different experts was very useful and I got to know about the way to obtain the low carbon transportation and planning. Mainly, they shared the concept about the transportation planning in China such as Transportation Oriented Development which was very much interesting and knowledgeable. Similarly, the presentation on Saying No to Landfills: the green conversion of waste provided an knowledge on the proper waste management for greener environment. The formal and informal discussion with the different like-minded people from different countries and more to Chinese friends has added a strong step to fight against the different environmental issues existing in the world.

Together with this, getting to make new Chinese friends was really nice. Their help and coordination was very much appreciated. The way of development in the city and management was really inspiring.

Online to Offline Youth Exchange Program

Environmental problems are the most pressing issues in the present time all around the world. Every country is facing the different environmental problems such as air pollution, water pollution, unmanaged waste management, climate change etc. With an aim to enhance the capacity of young people, CYCAN and Care about Climate organized a program Online to Offline Youth Exchange program. Being a member of the OYE, I have get a chance to engage and strengthen my network with different youth from globe. To be a part of OYE I felt very lucky. This platform has enhanced my capacity and build a confidence to talk on the different environmental issues and topics. This has helped us to create a strong web network among friends from different countries.

Himalayan Mountains Climate Change Nepal Youth Climate Action Network

During the conference, we seven OYE member, Amalen (Malaysia), Mohamed (Egypt), Jasmita (Nepal) including Cheery and Yirui from China participated. The support and coordination of Sarah from Care about Climate and Echo from CYCAN was much appreciated. We seven participated and facilitated the session on “International Cooperation and Youth Action”. In this session, Sarah presented her story on how she inspired to get engaged with environment, Mohamed and Jasmita also shared their journey working on climate change issues in their countries. Amalen facilitated on game which engaged all the participants. I presented on the impact of climate change in Nepal. The session was mainly focused on how to engage the youths in international cooperation for climate action. The half day session was ended with the distribution of certificate of Online to Offline Youth Exchange Program.

By Pradeep

Pradeep is a founding partner of Smart Ltd, an environmental consulting firm and former network director of Nepalese Youth for Climate Action. He lives in Kathmandu and has a Master’s degree in Environmental Science.  Use the #ClimateSign to join the fight against climate change.